Essay on future of democracy in India
India is the largest democracy in the world. More than sixty crore people have the right to vote to elect the members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States and the Lok Sabha at the Centre. After the coming into force of our Constitution on 26 January 1950, fourteen general elections have been held for the Lok Sabha and many more times for the State Legislative Assemblies.
Throughout this period, democratic activities have been taking place well in India, which have given credibility to Indian democracy, while in our neighbourhood, both in the West and the East, and to a lesser extent in the North also, various types of dictatorships have been emerging.
This trend continues even now, Indian democracy has stood the test of time and its democracy has been praised by all the people (nations) all over the world. Even after this success of democracy in India, doubts and fears have been expressed about it.
Pessimists say that the current success of democracy in India is only a temporary condition. According to him, India has endured slavery for a long time, so much so that the spirit of slavery has become a major part of our talent and character.
There are many such elements in Indian politics which will force India to go back to totalitarianism. Communalism is so deeply entrenched in India, and it is inadmissible to the soul of democracy.
There is extreme poverty in India and poverty and poverty are not healthy for the development of democracy democratic traditions. Can a democratic way of life be integrated into the lives of those citizens who are victims of extreme social and economic inequalities?
Regionalism and provincialism are also such elements, which remain a threat to the survival of democracy in India. The narrow loyalties in the name of caste, religion and language prevent millions of our people from thinking in terms of the nation as a whole.
Apart from this, the pessimists also say that Indians do not have enough political training, they hardly know how to exercise their franchise, they are not able to free themselves from the influence of money which can be used in Indian elections. A huge role has been played.
Elections are rarely clean. Victory is not achieved in elections, but victory is ensured by adopting tactics. India has a multi-party system and the party that comes to power after the elections hardly represents a third of the country’s population.
True democracy is one in which directly or indirectly everyone is represented. Indian democracy is also threatened by some foreign countries, who are bent on destroying and destroying democracy in various ways. Will India be able to counter this threat as a democracy?
From our point of view, these doubts and fears are based on wrong grounds. They are only manifestations of the prophets of catastrophe, who see only the negative side of things, Indian democracy has displayed a high kind of vitality.
The almost peaceful completion of the fourteen general elections and the peaceful changes of governments should put an end to the doubts of these pessimists.
The Indian people may be illiterate, but he displayed a high degree of intelligence when he overthrew those forces who wanted to destroy democracy and establish dictatorship. It is true that many times by using the Article 356 of the Constitution wrongly, by imposing President’s rule in the states, democracy was attacked.
Central leaders did this by being motivated only by politics, not by justification. It is also true that the President of India had to listen to the voice of the people and their representatives and forced the Central Government to reverse its decision.
President’s rule was abolished and democracy was restored. Recently, the SP government in Uttar Pradesh also had to go through a similar crisis and it emerged victorious. Apart from this, every effort is being made to eliminate illiteracy from India. According to the 2001 census, the literacy percentage of India has now reached 65%.
This is no small achievement. We may have been slaves for a long time, but at the same time it is equally true that we also have very long democratic traditions. Due to these democratic traditions, Indian talent is mostly democratic.
It is true that the extreme poverty of the people is a negative and hindrance element for the development of democracy, but it is equally true that we have come a long way on the path of prosperity. India of 2007 is very different from India of 1947 and it can claim to be one of the industrialized countries of the world.
Science and technology are being used to lift the masses out of the mud of poverty and bring them into the bright sunshine of a better life. Our Five Year Plans, which emphasize on a mixed economy, are determined to end inequality and poverty in India.
Through many economic reforms, new life has been infused in the Indian economic system. Our economic system is linked with the world economy. The chariot of economic prosperity is now moving at a faster pace with more optimism and confidence. India has entered the 21st century as a dynamic prosperous nation, not like the past.
We can easily fight communalism, regionalism, religionism and linguism with the cooperation of the people. The adult voting age has been reduced from 21 years to 18 years. It has given the right to vote to crores of young men and women who were born and brought up in independent India.
Their renewed vigor and vigor will certainly give a boost to the forces of modernity which consider democracy and democratic way of life above everything else.
To inculcate the feeling of nationalism in the public and to generate the desire to maintain national unity and territorial integrity, the new education policy has taken form and its goal is to create a sense of nationalism among the people and the desire to maintain national unity and integrity. is to develop.
We should show in practice that negative forces will not have control over us and we will think only in the context of the country and the nation. We have to beware of foreign sabotage and for that we are empowering ourselves in every way.
The multi-party system in India has a strange appeal to Indian politics, and it is not a threat to democracy. Our free press is a vigilant watchman of democracy and a powerful weapon in the hands of the people to fight against the forces of dictatorship.
The Constitution of India is a strong bond of democracy. The 15th (2009) General Elections to the Lok Sabha has reaffirmed our belief in how much our people love democracy. By making many amendments in the constitution, we have eliminated the remnants of the dictatorial powers.
Political and social equality is fast becoming a symbol of our society. All these positive factors act as a predictor for the continued success of democracy. The future of democracy in India is very bright.